Select Audiovisual Records at the National Archives

The War Between the States was the first large and prolonged conflict recorded by photography. During the war, dozens of photographers, both as private individuals and as employees of the Confederate and Union Governments, photographed civilians and civilian activities; military personnel, equipment, and activities; and the locations and aftermaths of battles. Because wet-plate collodion negatives required from 5 to 20 seconds exposure, there are no action photographs of the war.

The name Mathew B. Brady is almost a synonym for Civil War photography. Although Brady himself actually may have taken only a few photographs of the war, he employed many of the other well-known photographers before and during the war. Alexander Gardner and James F. Gibson at different times managed Brady's Washington studio. Timothy O'Sullivan, James Gardner, and Egbert Guy Fox were also employed by Brady during the conflict.

The pictures listed in this publication are in the Still Picture Branch of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Most are part of the Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Record Group 111, and Records of the War Department General and Special Staffs, Record Group 165. The records include photographs from the Matthew B. Brady collection, purchased for ,840 by the War Department in 1874 and 1875, photographs from the Quartermaster's Department of the Corps of Engineers, and photographs private citizens donated to the War Department. These collections were once part of the War Department Library and have been cataloged and published as "List of the Photographs and Photographic Negatives Relating to the War for the Union" (War Department Subject Catalogue No. 5, 1897; 219 p.), filmed as National Archives Microfilm Publication T251.

Photographs included in this leaflet have been listed under one of four main headings: activities, places, portraits, and Lincoln's assassination. Items in the first two parts are arranged under subheadings by date, with undated items at the end of each subheading. Photographs of artworks have also been included in the list. Any item not identified as an artwork is a photograph. Names of photographers or artists and dates of items have been given when available, and an index to photographers follows the list.

At the end of this leaflet, there are instructions for ordering photographs. Many photographs of the Civil War held by the National Archives are not listed in this leaflet. Separate inquiries about other Civil War photography should be as specific as possible listing names, places, events, and other details.

Sandra Nickles and Joe D. Thomas did the research, selection, and arrangement for this list and wrote these introductory remarks.

Activities

Army Life

1. , 1864. 111-B-252, National Archives Identifier:

2. , 1864. The soldiers are seated reading letters and papers and playing cards. 111-B-220. National Archives Identifier:

3. . 111-B-328. National Archives Identifier:

4. 111-B-256. National Archives Identifier:

Army Units

5. , 1861. Ill-B-499. National Archives Identifier:

6. , 1865. 165-C-692. National Archives Identifier:

7. . 111-B-671. National Archives Identifier:

8. . 111-B-363. National Archives Identifier:

Cavalry

9. , September 1862. 200-CC-587. National Archives Identifier:

10. , 1862. Some mounted troops are in the background. 111-B-502. National Archives Identifier:

11. , 1862. 111-B-508. National Archives Identifier:

Civilians

12. . 200-CC-657. National Archives Identifier:

13. . 200-CC-306. National Archives Identifier:

14. . 111-B-400. National Archives Identifier:

Communications and Intelligence

15. , May 14, 1862. (Pinkerton is smoking a pipe.) Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. 90-CM-385. National Archives Identifier:

16. , May 1862. 111-B-680. National Archives Identifier:

17. , Berlin, Md., October 1862. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 165-SB-28. National Archives Identifier:

18. . Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-62. National Archives Identifier:

19. . 165-C-571. National Archives Identifier:

20. . 111-B-5393. National Archives Identifier:

Councils

21. , October 3, 1862. General McClellan and 15 members of his staff are in the group. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 165-SB-23. National Archives Identifier:

22. , May 5, 1864. 77-HMS-344-2P. National Archives Identifier:

23. . General Grant is looking over General Meade's shoulder at a map Meade holds. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 200-CC-730. National Archives Identifier:

Engineering

24. , 1862. 111-B-68. National Archives Identifier:

25. , March 1864. 77-F-147-2-6. National Archives Identifier:

26. , 1864. 111-B-2006. National Archives Identifier:

27. , 1864. A guard camp is also shown. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 111-B-482. National Archives Identifier:

28. , 1865. 165-C-568. National Archives Identifier:

Foreign Observers

29. , August 1863. Left to right: unidentified; State Department messenger Donaldson; unidentified; Count Alexander de Bodisco; Count Edward Piper, Swedish Minister; Joseph Bertinatti, Italian Minister; Luis Molina, Nicaraguan Minister (seated); Rudolph Mathias Schleiden, Hanseatic Minister; Henri Mercier, French Minister; William H. Seward, Secretary of State (seated); Lord Richard Lyons, British Minister; Baron Edward de Stoeckel, Russian Minister (seated); and Sheffield, British attache. 59-DA-43. National Archives Identifier:

30. at Falmouth, Va. 1863. 90-CM-47. National Archives Identifier:

31. , 1863. 64-CV-210. National Archives Identifier:

Generals in the Field

32. , June 1864. 111-B-36. National Archives Identifier:

33. , June 1864. 111-B-16. National Archives Identifier:

34. , 1864. Left to right: Wesley Merritt, David McM.Gregg, Sheridan, Henry E. Davies (standing), James H. Wilson, and Alfred Torbert. 111-B-9. National Archives Identifier:

Medical

35. , May 2, 1863. 111-B-349. National Archives Identifier:

36. . 79-T-2265. National Archives Identifier:

37. , 1864. 111-B-50. National Archives Identifier:

38. , Washington, D.C. 111-B-173. National Archives Identifier:

Morale

39. " , Supported Gratuitously by the Citizens of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania." The picture includes a view of the outside and three small views of the inside. Lithograph by W. Boell, 1861. 15-M-40. National Archives Identifier:

40. , Washington, D.C., 1861. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady. 165-C-100. National Archives Identifier:

41. , September 1863. Photographed by James Gardner. 165-SB-53. National Archives Identifier:

42. , 1864. Stereo photograph by Samuel A. Cooley. 165-S-165. National Archives Identifier:

43. , Richmond, Va., 1865. 111-B-147. National Archives Identifier:

Navies

44. , March 9, 1862. Engraved in 1863 by J. Davies from a drawing by C. Parsons. 64-CC-63. National Archives Identifier:

45. , renamed the Baron de Kalb in October 1862. 165-C-630.

46. issued at New Berne, N.C., November 1863. 45-X-10. National Archives Identifier:

47. , 1863. 111-B-3351. National Archives Identifier:

48. . Artwork by Clary Ray. 19-N-13042. National Archives Identifier:

49. , December 1864. Photographed by James Gardner. 165-SB-18 National Archives Identifier:

50. , a ferryboat converted into a gunboat, Pamunkey River, Va., 1864. 111-B-411. National Archives Identifier:

51. , 1864. 111-B-374. National Archives Identifier:

52. , 1864. 111-B-129. National Archives Identifier:

53. , a double-turreted monitor, on the James River, Va., 1864. 111-B-368. National Archives Identifier:

54. . 111-B-448. National Archives Identifier:

55. . Photographed by Egbert Guy Fox. 111-B-434. National Archives Identifier:

56. 1865. Photographed by Selmar Rush Seibert. 165-C-751. National Archives Identifier:

57. . Artwork by R. G. Skerrett, 1904. 19-N-13004. National Archives Identifier:

Ordnance

58. (entrance to Pensacola Bay), February 1861. Photographed by W. 0. Edwards or J. D. Edwards of New Orleans, La. 77-HL-99-1. National Archives Identifier:

59. , March 1862. Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. 165-SB-6. National Archives Identifier:

60. , October 1864. Photographed by David Knox. 165-SB-75. National Archives Identifier:

61. . Photographed by George N. Barnard. 111-B-4738. National Archives Identifier:

62. . Photographed by Samuel A. Cooley. 165-S-128. National Archives Identifier:

63. , 1865. Photographed by Selmar Rush Seibert. 165-C-796. National Archives Identifier:

64. 111-B-353. National Archives Identifier:

Photographers and Their Equipment

65. . 90-CM-42. National Archives Identifier:

66. . Brady, in the foreground, is wearing a straw hat. 111-B-346. National Archives Identifier:

67. . 111-B-5077. National Archives Identifier:

68. , 1864. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 111-B-4753. National Archives Identifier:

Prisoners and Prisons

69. . 111-B-497. National Archives Identifier:

70. . 200-CC-2288. National Archives Identifier:

71. . Lithograph of a drawing by Maj. Otto Boetticher. 111-BA-1952. National Archives Identifier:

72. . Photographed by A. J. Riddle. 165-A-445. National Archives Identifier:

73. . Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 165-SB-89. National Archives Identifier:

74. 111-B-2292. National Archives Identifier:

Quartermaster and Commissary

75. . Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-61. National Archives Identifier:

76. . Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 111-B-4817. National Archives Identifier:

77. , 1864. 111-B-152. National Archives Identifier:

78. 165-C-1068. National Archives Identifier:

Railroads

79. . Brig. Gen. Hermann Haupt, Chief of Construction and Transportation, U.S. Military Railroads, is standing on the bank supervising the work. The "General Haupt," the engine pulling the train in the photograph, was named in Haupt's honor. Photographed by Capt. Andrew J. Russell. 111-B-4877. National Archives Identifier:

80. . In November 1863 Lincoln had to change trains at this point to dedicate the Gettysburg Battlefield. 111-B-83. National Archives Identifier:

81. "General Haupt," built in 1863. 111-B-5149. National Archives Identifier:

82. , September 1864, showing the engines "Telegraph" and "O.A. Bull." 111-B-4748. National Archives Identifier:

83. , September 1864. Photographed by George N. Barnard, 111-B-4786. National Archives Identifier:

84. , 1864, showing the engine "President." 111-B-4860. National Archives Identifier:

85. , built in l864 in the yards at Chattanooga, Tenn., with troops lined up in the background. 111-B-2005. National Archives Identifier:

86. . 111-B-185. National Archives Identifier:

Places

Battle Areas

87. , April 14, 1861, under the Confederate flag. 121-BA-914A. National Archives Identifier:

88. , March 1862. Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. 165-SB-7. National Archives Identifier:

89. , March 1862. Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. 165-SB-11. National Archives Identifier:

90. April 1862." Watercolor by William Mcllvaine. 200-WM-8. National Archives Identifier:

91. , May 1862. Photographed by George N. Barnard and James F. Gibson. 165-SB-4. National Archives Identifier:

92. June 27, 1862." Artwork by Prince de Joinville. 111-BA-1507. National Archives Identifier:

93. , September 1862. Soldiers and wagons are crossing the bridge. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 165-SB-19. National Archives Identifier:

94. , ca. 1862. 111-B-5236. National Archives Identifier:

95. , February 1863. View from across the Rappahannock River. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-30. National Archives Identifier:

96. , killed during the Battle of Chancellorsville, May 1863. Photographed by Capt. Andrew J. Russell. 111-B-514. National Archives Identifier:

97. , with Union soldiers in front and on the roof, June 1863. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 111-B-4755. National Archives Identifier:

98. , July 1863. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 165-SB-41. National Archives Identifier:

99. , July 1863. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-36. National Archives Identifier:

100. , 1863. 111-B-4791. National Archives Identifier:

101. , 1863. 64-CV-182. National Archives Identifier:

102. , 1863. 165-CN-12545. National Archives Identifier:

103. , 1864. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 111-B-726. National Archives Identifier:

104. , 1864. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 165-SC-46. National Archives Identifier:

105. , 1864. 111-B-512. National Archives Identifier:

106. , 1864, showing damage to the south side of the fort. 77-F-82-70. National Archives Identifier:

107. , 1864. 111-B-531. National Archives Identifier:

108. , 1864. Photographed by George N. Barnard. 165-SC-3. National Archives Identifier:

109. , January 1865. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-79. National Archives Identifier:

110. July 1865. High-angle view showing the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers. Photographed by James Gardner. 165-SB-26. National Archives Identifier:

111. . Appomattox Court House, Va., April 1865. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan. 165-SB-99. National Archives Identifier:

112. , 1865. 111-B-4667. National Archives Identifier:

113. . Photographed by George N. Barnard. 165-SC-53. National Archives Identifier:

114. . Photographed by George N. Barnard. 165-SC-56. National Archives Identifier:

115. , 1865. 111-B-157. National Archives Identifier .
(The Petersburg identification appearing in the official caption for this photograph received by NARA from the Army Signal Corps has been disputed. Civil War historians and photo-historians have uncovered documentary evidence suggesting that this image of Union forces was taken by Andrew J. Russell just before the Second Battle of Fredericksburg in the spring of 1863. For more information, please see the item in the .)

Richmond, Va.

116. , 1862. 111-B-35. National Archives Identifier:

117. . 111-B-562. National Archives Identifier:

118. , showing some of the destruction caused by a Confederate attempt to burn Richmond. 111-B-137. National Archives Identifier:

119. . 111-B-53. National Archives Identifier:

Washington, D.C., and Environs

120. . 111-BA-1480. National Archives Identifier:

121. . The fort was renamed Fort Stevens in 1863. 111-B-479. National Archives Identifier:

122. during drill at Camp Northumberland, with the camp in the background, 1861. 111-B-487. National Archives Identifier:

123. , erected to protect the Orange and Alexandria Railroad from Confederate cavalry, 1861. 111-B-523. National Archives Identifier:

124. , August 1863. Photographed by William R. Pywell. 165-SB-2. National Archives Identifier:

125. , with Union soldiers on the lawn, June 28, 1864. 165-C-518. National Archives Identifier:

126. , May 23-24, 1865, looking down Pennsylvania Avenue toward the Capitol. Artwork by James E. Taylor, July 1, 1881. 111-BA-69. National Archives Identifier:

127. . Cows are grazing near Tiber Creek. 111-B-5147. National Archives Identifier:

128. . 111-B-4672. National Archives Identifier:

Portraits

Abolitionists

129. ; bust-length. Engraving from daguerreotype, ca. 1856. 111-SC-101021. National Archives Identifier:

130. ; half-length. 200-FL-22. National Archives Identifier:

131. ; three-quarter-length, seated. 111-BA-1088. National Archives Identifier:

132. ; half-length, seated. 111-B-3251. National Archives Identifier:

Artists and Authors

133. , photographer; full-length seated. 111-B-1074. National Archives Identifier:

134. , artist who painted murals and frescoes in the Capitol; three-quarter-length, standing, holding brush and palette. 111-B-3791. National Archives Identifier:

135. , poet and editor of the New York Evening Post; full-length, seated. 111-B-2764. National Archives Identifier:

136. , author of Uncle Tom's Cabin; half-length. 208-N-25004. National Archives Identifier:

137. , poet; half-length, seated, wearing hat. 111-B-1672. National Archives Identifier:

Confederate Army Officers

138. ; half-length. 111-B-1233. National Archives Identifier:

139. ; bust-length. 111-BA-1215. National Archives Identifier:

140. ; half-length. 111-B-1786. National Archives Identifier:

141. ; bust-length. 111-BA-1190. National Archives Identifier:

142. ; bust-length, in civilian clothes. 111-B-5274. National Archives Identifier:

143. ; bust-length, April 1863. Photographed by George W Minnes. 111-B-1867. National Archives Identifier:

144. ; half-length. 111-B-1782. National Archives Identifier:

145. ; full-length, standing, April 1865. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady. 111-B-1564. National Archives Identifier:

146. ; half-length, in civilian clothes. 111-B-2028. National Archives Identifier:

147. ; half-length, seated. 111-B-5123. National Archives Identifier:

148. Mosby, Col. John Singleton; bust-length. 111-BA-1709. National Archives Identifier:

149. three-quarter-length, seated. 64-M-9. National Archives Identifier:

Confederate Officials

150. , Secretary of State; three- quarter-length, standing. 111-B-2458. National Archives Identifier:

151. , President; three-quarter-length, standing. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady before the war. 111-B-4146. National Archives Identifier:

152. , Secretary of the Navy; three- quarter-length, standing. 111-B-4583. National Archives Identifier:

153. , Vice President; three- quarter-length, seated. 111-B-4141. National Archives Identifier:

154. , Envoy to England; three quarter-length, standing. 111-B-5]63. National Archives Identifier:

155. , Secretary of War; half-length, seated. 111-BA-1224. National Archives Identifier:

Enlisted Men

156. , private in the Union Army. 111-B-5435. National Archives Identifier:

157. , 4th Michigan Infantry; standing, full-length, leaning against a tree and wearing a plaid shirt. 111-B-5348. National Archives Identifier:

158. drummer, Company H, 22d New York Infantry; posing with drum. 111-B-5497. National Archives Identifier:

159. , Confederate soldier who fired the first shot against Fort Sumter; full-length, seated. 111-BA-1226. National Archives Identifier:

Federal Army Officers

160. , defender of Fort Sumter; full-length, standing. 111-B-4183. National Archives Identifier:

161. ; half-length. 111-B-3698. National Archives Identifier:

162. ; three-quarterlength. 111-B-4533. National Archives Identifier:

163. ; half-length, seated. 20OS-CA-10. National Archives Identifier:

164. ; three-quarter-length, standing. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady. 200-CA-38. National Archives Identifier:

165. ; three- quarter-length, standing. 111-B-2541. National Archives Identifier:

166. ; half-length. 111-B-5265. National Archives Identifier:

167. ; full-length, seated. 111-B-2775. National Archives Identifier:

168. ; three-quarter-length, standing. 111-B-4624. National Archives Identifier:

169. ; three-quarter-length, standing. 111-B-3834. National Archives Identifier:

170. ; half-length, standing. 111-B-3685. National Archives Identifier:

171. ; half-length. 111-B-3569. National Archives Identifier:

172. ; half-length, seated. 111-B-4435. National Archives Identifier:

173. ; half-length, 111-B-3646. National Archives Identifier:

174. ("Old Fuss and Feathers"); half-length, standing. 111-B-4188. National Archives Identifier:

175. ; three-quarter-length, seated. 111-B-2520. National Archives Identifier:

176. ; half-length, seated. 111-B-1769. National Archives Identifier:

177. ; half-length. 111-B-4795. National Archives Identifier:

Federal Navy Officers

178. ; half-length. 111-B-4595. National Archives Identifier:

179. ; three-quarter-length. 111-B-5889. National Archives Identifier:

180. ; three-quarter-length, standing. 111-B-3860. National Archives Identifier:

181. ; half-length, seated. 111-B-4480. National Archives Identifier:

Foreign Diplomats

182. ; half-length, seated. ll-B-1510. National Archives Identifier:

183. ; full-length, seated. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady. 165-JT-185. National Archives Identifier:

184. ; three-quarter-length, standing. 111-B-1228. National Archives Identifier:

U.S. Government Officials

185. , Secretary of the Treasury; three- quarter-length, standing. 111-B-4270. National Archives Identifier:

186. , Senator from Illinois; three- quarter-length, standing. 111-B-2346. National Archives Identifier:

187. , Vice President and President; three-quarter-length, seated. 111-B-4138. National Archives Identifier:

188. ; three-quarter-length, standing, ca. 1863. Photographed by Mathew B. Brady 111-B-3656. National Archives Identifier:

189. , Secretary of State; bust profile. 111-B-4204. National Archives Identifier:

190. , Secretary of War; half-length, seated. 111-B-4559. National Archives Identifier:

191. . Representative from Pennsylvania; half-length. 111-B-1084. National Archives Identifier:

192. , Senator from Massachusetts; half-length, seated. 111-B-5937. National Archives Identifier:

193. , Secretary of the Navy; half-length, seated. 111-B-1189. National Archives Identifier:

Women

194. ; three-quarter-length, seated. 111-B-1857. National Archives Identifier:

195. . She and others of her order served in a military hospital at Beaufort, N.C.; full-length, seated. 111-B-1609. National Archives Identifier:

196. ; full-length, standing. 111-B-5864. National Archives Identifier:

197. (114th Pennsylvania); full-length, standing. 79-T-2148. National Archives Identifier:

Lincoln's Assassination

198. ; half-length, standing. 64-M-19. National Archives Identifier:

199. , the man who claimed he shot John Wilkes Booth; three-quarter-length, seated at a table. 111-B-2321. National Archives Identifier:

200. , the conspirator who attacked Secretary Seward; three-quarter-length, standing. 111-BA-1653. National Archives Identifier:

201. (Mary E. Surratt, Lewis T. Powell, David E. Herold, and George A. Atzerodt), July 7,1865. Photographed by Alexander Gardner. 111-BA-2034. National Archives Identifier:

202. . 1865, 200-CC-3404. National Archives Identifier:

203. , 1862. John Wilkes Booth and David Herold escaped over this bridge. 111-B-343. National Archives Identifier:

Index to Photographers

Barnard, George N., 15, 27, 59, 61, 68, 83, 88, 89, 91, 103, 104, 108, 113, 114
Brady, Mathew B., 40, 145, 151, 164, 183, 188
Cooley, Samuel A., 42, 62
Edwards, J. D., 58
Edwards, W O., 58
Fox, Egbert Guy, 55
Gardner, Alexander, 17, 21, 73, 93, 98, 201
Gardner, James, 41, 49, 110
Gibson, James F, 15, 59, 88, 89, 91
Knox, David, 60
Minnes, George W., 143
O'Sullivan, Timothy H., 18, 23, 75, 76, 95, 97, 99, 109, 111
Pywell, William R., 124
Riddle, A. J., 72
Russell, Capt. Andrew J., 79, 96
Seibert, Selmar Rush, 56, 63

How to Order

Individual Photographs

For information on ordering individual images from this select list or other individual prints, negatives, or slides from our holdings, see or contact us at:

Still Picture Reference Team
Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-Stills)
Room 5360
National Archives and Records Administration
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD 20740-6001

Telephone 301-837-0561
Fax: 301-837-3621

E-mail: .