, the original Audi "S" car, produced from 1990 — 1994 Detail of the "S" vertical emphasis lines on the front grill of a , the original Audi "RS" car, a joint venture between and from 1994 — 1995. All subsequent RS models would be solely produced by (Now ).

Audi S and RS models are a range of versions of certain of the German automotive company . These cars primarily focus on enhanced "" performance. Production of Audi "S" cars began in 1990 with the , whilst the first "RS" car appeared four years later with the .

Today's and models are based on the A//Q models with the same number (e.g / is based on the or the TT RS based on the ), but the "Ur-S4" from 1991 — 1994 was based on the later named and the first / generation from 1990 — 1995 was based on the platform later replaced by the A4.

Contents

History[]

The history of road versions of racing cars begins in the 1980s. from models and made by concern in the city of . In 1983, the company was founded (since November 2016, "") in the city of responsible for the development of sports models of cars of Audi brand. In 1990, appeared based on the model sports model as a receiver but already under the designation of the series "S" in the name and having a capacity of 220 hp. And in 1994 there was even more powerful model based on model of joint development of Audi and having 315 hp. The model was equipped with components from . As in 1973, , together with , also developed a prototype based on the , produced in 1968, which has 112 hp. the "" class. which received the name "" and was equipped with a V8 engine with a power of 350 hp.

Since 1994, the development of the Audi S and RS sports series was started directly from the ().

S models[]

Numerous "S" models, from most of Audi's mainstream model ranges have been produced over the years. These cars are recognisable by their "S" badges, and unique emphasis lines on their front grills and on the back side, instead of the letter "A" in the designation of numbers and also in use in the notation "S3", "TTS" and "SQ5".

All Audi "S" models are equipped with Audi's 'trademark' system as standard. Unique internal combustion engines, along with larger, more powerful brakes, stiffer suspension systems, additional exterior body styling, and interior trims set them apart from their related "siblings" of their respective model range.

In the past, some Audi S models competed directly with and models, such as the B6 Audi S4 4.2 FSI versus the BMW M3 and Mercedes-Benz C32 AMG. Since 2010 however, Audi S models have been positioned more as optional engine trims. For instance the base Audi A4 (B8) engine is the 2.0 TFSI turbo four-cylinder, and with the discontinuation of the 3.2 FSI V6, that makes the Audi S4's 3.0 TFSI V6 the performance option (the B8 Audi S4 3.0 TFSI positioned closer to the E90 BMW 335i than the BMW M3). The (C7) no longer has a V8 engine upgrade in the non "S" range, with the discontinuation of the C6 Audi A6 4.2 FSI that was offered from 2004 – 2011, one must go to the C7 Audi S6 4.0 TFSI..

Audi "S" models should not be confused with the Audi "A, Q, TT" series, equipped with a package "" models, which feature leather trim, S-line badging, sports steering wheel and sports suspension, but they are not equipped with a high-power engine.

RS models[]

Audi RS 4 Sedan quattro (B7)

(formerly quattro GmbH), AUDI AGs high performance private subsidiary, creates even , known by their "" badging. The "RS" initials are taken from the : RennSport — literally translated as "racing sport". The characteristics and cost of these cars are equated to cars belonging to the class.

RS is Audi's highest performance 'top-tier' trim level, positioned distinctly above the "" ("Sport") specification level of Audi's regular model range. All "RS" cars pioneer some of Audi's latest and most advanced technology and engineering prowess, therefore, "RS" cars could be described[] as . Audi RS cars are some of the most powerful vehicles ever offered by Audi as well as . , for instance, is more powerful than the physically larger However, the shares the same engine as the 2013 — ... and , albeit in a lower state of tune, while for the 2016 — 2017 model years, the features an uprated engine with the same output as the smaller and .

Available for limited time and only in select markets, on a restricted model range, these "RS" (and "S" models) models are wholly designed, developed and produced in-house by high performance private subsidiary company, , at its .

Unlike Audi "S" models whose interiors are well-furnished in order to retain the feel of sport luxury, the interior of Audi "RS" models are often spartan by comparison as the emphasis is more on track performance than luxury. The 2008 Audi RS 4 sold in Europe had lightweight racing-style front seats and roll-up windows for the rear doors, although its counterpart sold in the United States has luxurious power-adjustable front seats and power windows for all doors .

Audi "RS" models are considered direct competitors to similar sized hardcore sport models from and , whereas the Audi "S" models (as of 2010) have been positioned more as engine upgrades. Taking the 2012 model year for example, the competes directly with the BMW M3, M4 whereas the Audi S5 competes with the BMW 335i, while the competes with the BMW M5 and the Audi S6 competes with the BMW 550i. However the (C6) was never exported to the United States due to emissions regulations, leaving the Audi S6 (C6) as the top performing trim to compete against the BMW M5 (E60) in that market .

There used to be only one RS model in production at a time, but recently Audi has revised its policies and decided to make more than one RS model at a time, claiming that "customers want them, then why not give it to them". However, RS models are not available in all markets.

Сomparison A / S / RS series Audi by example 6—line of models Model name Engine type Engine displacement Power Acceleration 0—62 mph (0–100 km/h) Top speed Image — 1.8 — 3.0 l. 190 — 333 PS 7.9 — 5.1 sec. 145 —155 mph

(233 – 250 km/h)

Audi A6 - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2014 - 002.jpg 4.0 l. 450 PS 4.4 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

Audi S6 in Salon International de l’auto de Montréal 2015.jpg 4.0 l. 560 — 605 PS 3.9 — 3.7 sec. 190 mph

(305 km/h)

Audi RS 6 Avant performance (22378969206) (crop).jpg

Model range[]

The following "S" and "RS" are being, or have been , or are speculated to be in future production:

Current models[]

(In order)

Audi
model name Typ
code max.motive acceleration

0—62 mph

(0–100 km/h)

top speed car body style(s) weight production
year(s) image
performance
Nogaro Edition
4G 518.5 kW (705 PS; 695 bhp) n/a 190 mph

(320 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 2,025 kg 2018
(150 units) — B9 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 4.1 sec. 155 mph (250 km/h)

174 mph (280 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,790 kg 2018 2018 Audi RS 4 Avant Front.jpg F5 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 3.9 sec. 174 mph

(280 km/h)

2 dr, 4 seat mid-size


4 dr, 4 seat

1,730 kg 2017

2018

2017 Audi RS 5 Quattro Front.jpg F5 260 kW (354 PS; 349 bhp) 4.7 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

2 dr, 4 seat mid-size


4 dr, 4 seat


2 dr, 4 seat mid-size

1,690 kg 1,735 kg 1,840 kg 2017 2018 Audi S5 TFSi Quattro Automatic 3.0 Front.jpg
2018 Audi S5 sedan front 4.11.18.jpg
2017 Audi S5 TFSi Quattro Automatic 3.0.jpg 8X 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) 5.8 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

3 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,315 kg 2015
2018 Audi S1 Competition Quattro 2.0.jpg 8S 228 kW (310 PS; 306 bhp) 4.9 — 4.6 sec.

(coupé)


5.2 — 5.9 sec.

(roadster)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

2 dr 2 seat compact


2 dr, 2 seat compact
()

1,440 kg 1,525 kg 2014 2016 Audi TTS TFSi Quattro S-A 2.0 Front.jpg
Audi TTS - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2014 - 002.jpg 8S 294 kW (400 PS; 394 bhp) 3.7 sec. (coupé)

3.9 sec. (roadster)

174 mph

(280 km/h)

2 dr, 2 seat compact


2 dr, 2 seat compact
()

1,515 kg 1,605 kg 2017 2018 Audi TT RS Coupe.jpg
2017 Audi TT RS Roadster Front.jpg 8V 228 kW (310 PS; 306 bhp) 5.4 — 5.1 sec.

(hatch. 3 dr.)

5.3 — 4.9 sec.

(hatch. 5 dr.)

5.3 — 4.9 sec. (sedan)

5.4 sec. (cabriolet)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

3 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

4 dr, 5 seat

2 dr, 4 seat

1,150 – 1,520 kg 2014


2017 ()

Audi - S3 - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 206.jpg
Audi S3 Sportback (8V) – Frontansicht, 6. März 2016, Düsseldorf.jpg
2017 Audi S3 Front.jpg
2015 Audi S3 Quattro S-A 2.0 Front.jpg 8V 294 kW (400 PS; 394 bhp) 3.9 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

174 mph

(280 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat


4 dr, 5 seat

1,585 kg 1,590 kg 2017 2017 Audi RS 3 Sportsback Quattro Front.jpg
2017 Audi RS 3 Quattro Front.jpg
() 8W 260 kW (354 PS; 349 bhp) 4.4 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat

5 dr, 5 seat

1,705 kg 1,750 kg 2016 2017 Audi S4 TFSi Quattro Automatic Sedan 3.0 Front.jpg
2017 Audi S4 TFSi Quattro Automatic 3.0.jpg 4G 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 4.9 / 4.8 sec. (2012)

(avant/sedan)

4.6 / 4.4 sec. (2014)

(avant/sedan)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,970 kg 2,035 kg 2012

2014 ()

2013 Audi S6 -- 2012 DC.JPGAudi S6 in Salon International de l’auto de Montréal 2015.jpg
Audi S6 Avant (C7) – Frontansicht, 7. September 2013, Münster.jpg2014 Audi S6 Avant C7 Typ 4G V8 4.0 TFSI quattro Facelift Daytonagrau-Perleffekt Vorderansicht.jpg 4G 412 kW (560 PS; 553 bhp)
445 kW (605 PS; 597 bhp) (performance) 3.9 sec.

3.7 sec. (performance)

190 mph

(305 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 2,025 kg 2014


2015 ()


2016 (performance)

Audi RS6 on CW-S5 Gunmetal (13490787653).jpg
2015 Audi RS6 Avant TFSi Quattro Automatic 4.0 Front.jpg 4G 309 kW (420 PS; 414 bhp)
331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp)

()

4.7 sec. (2012)

4.6 sec. (2014)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

5 dr, 4 seat 2,030 kg 2012


2014 ()

Audi S7 (13018350533).jpg
Audi S7 Sportback C7 facelift 01 -- Auto Shanghai -- 2015-04-22.jpg 4G 412 kW (560 PS; 553 bhp)
445 kW (605 PS; 597 bhp)

(performance) (2016)

3.9 sec.

3.7 sec. (performance)

190 mph

(305 km/h)

5 dr, 4 seat 2,005 kg 2013

2014 ()


2016 (performance)

Audi RS7 (17561577059).jpg
Audi RS7 Sportback - przód (MSP16).jpg 4H 382 kW (519 PS; 512 bhp)
445 kW (605 PS; 597 bhp)

(plus) (2016)

4.1 sec.

3.8 sec. (plus)

190 mph

(305 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 2,065 kg 2012


2016 (plus)

Audi S8 - Tokyo Motor Show 2013.jpg 8U 228 kW (310 PS; 306 bhp)

(2013)


250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp)

(2014)


270 kW (367 PS; 362 bhp) (performance)

5.2 sec. (2013)

4.8 sec. (2014)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,655 kg 2013


2014 ()

2013-03-05 Geneva Motor Show 7919.JPG
Audi RS Q3 performance (25113371400).jpg FY 260 kW (354 PS; 349 bhp) 5.4 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,945 kg 2017 2018 Audi SQ5 3.0.jpg 4M 320 kW (435 PS; 429 bhp) 4.8 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 2,270 kg 2017 2017 Audi SQ7 Front.jpg

Former models[]

(In chronological order of production end — oldest first)

Typ
code engine type max. motive power acceleration

0—62 mph

(0–100 km/h)

top speed car body style(s) weight production
year(s) image , 8B, 8C 162–169 kW (220–230 PS; 217–227 bhp) 6.1 — 5.8 sec. 150 — 153 mph

(242 – 246 km/h)

2 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat


4 dr, 5 seat

1,525 kg 1990 — 1995 Audi S2 green.jpg
("Ur-S4")
4A 169 kW (230 PS; 227 bhp) 6.8 sec. 152 mph

(244 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,610

1,730 kg 1991 — 1994 Audi S4.jpg 8C 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) 4.8 sec. 163 mph

(262 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 2,100 kg 1994 — 1995 Audi RS2.jpg

("Ur-S6")

C4 4A
169 kW (230 PS; 227 bhp)
213 kW (290 PS; 286 bhp) 6.9 — 5.9 sec. 150 — 155 mph

(241 – 250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,730 kg 1,780 kg 1995 — 1997 Audi S6 C4 US.jpg
Audi S6 Avant (4592527908).jpg C4 4A 240 kW (326 PS; 322 bhp) 5.6 sec. (sedan)

5.7 sec. (avant)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,730 kg 1,780 kg 1996 — 1997 S6 Plus Limousine und Avant.jpg 8D 280 kW (381 PS; 375 bhp) 4.9 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,620 kg 2000 — 2001 2001 Audi RS4 B5 Avant - Flickr - The Car Spy (23).jpg 4D 250–265 kW (340–360 PS; 335–355 bhp) 6.8 — 5.5 sec. (1996)

6.6 — 5.4 sec. (1999)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,730 kg

-

1,845 kg 1996 — 2002 AudiS8.JPG B5 (PL45) 8D 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) 5.8 — 5.6 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,535 kg

-

1,680 kg 1997 — 2002 Yellow Audi S4 B5.jpg
Imola yellow wagon b5 s4.jpg 4B 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) 6.7 — 5.7 sec. (sedan)

6.8 — 5.8 sec. (avant)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,815 kg 1,825 kg 1999 — 2002 S6 4B Front schräg MJ 2002.JPG
Audi S6 - Flickr - Alexandre Prévot.jpg 8L 154–165 kW (209–224 PS; 207–221 bhp) 6.9 sec. (1999)

6.6 sec. (2001)

148 mph

238 km/h (1999)

151 mph

243 km/h (2001)

3 dr, 5 seat 1,375

1,420 kg 1999 — 2003 Audi S3 2002 Absolute Red - Flickr - The Car Spy (11).jpg C5 4B 40vT 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 4.9 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,840 kg 1,865 kg 2002 — 2004 Blue Audi RS6 C5 sedan fl.jpg
2003 Audi RS6 Avant (13647893405).jpg C5 4B 353 kW (480 PS; 473 bhp) 4.4 sec. 174 mph

(280 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,880 2004 Audi RS6 C5 Avant Plus.jpg 8E 253 kW (344 PS; 339 bhp) 5.8 — 5.6 sec. (sedan)

5.9 — 5.8 sec. (avant)

6.2 — 5.9 sec. (cabrio.)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat


2 dr, 4 seat

()

1,660 kg 1,720 kg 1,855 kg 2003 — 2005 Audi S4 (14349172517).jpg
Audi s4 red.jpg
Audi S4 Cabriolet - Flickr - The Car Spy (23).jpg 8E 309 kW (420 PS; 414 bhp) 4.8 sec. (sedan)

4.9 sec. (avant)

4.9 sec. (cabrio.)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

2 dr, 4 seat

()

1,650 - 1,680 kg 1,710 kg 1,845 kg 2006 — 2008 (saloon)


2006 — 2007 (Avant)

2007 — 2008 (Cabrio.)

2005-03-04 Motorshow Geneva 017.JPG
2006-2008 Audi RS 4 (8ED) quattro Avant (2011-09-03) 01.jpg
Audi RS4 Cabriolet front.JPG B7 (PL47) 8E 253 kW (344 PS; 339 bhp) 5.8 — 5.6 sec. (sedan)

5.9 — 5.8 sec. (avant)

6.2 — 5.9 sec. (cabrio.)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

2 dr, 4 seat

()

1,660

1,895 kg 2005 — 2008,


2006 — 2009 (Cabrio.)

FlickrRotiform.jpg
AudiS4 B7 Avant front.jpg
Audi S4 Cabriolet.jpg 4F

()

320 kW (435 PS; 429 bhp) 5.2 sec. (sedan)

5.3 sec. (avant)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,910 kg 1,970 kg 2006 — 2011 Audi S6 C6 sedan.jpg
Black S6 Avant.jpg C6 4F

)

427 kW (581 PS; 573 bhp) 4.6 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

188 mph

(303 km/h) (Plus)

4 dr, 5 seat

5 dr, 5 seat

1985

2,025 kg 2008 — 2010 Audi RS6 sedan typ4F world premiere front.jpg
Audi RS6-Avant Front-view.JPG 4E

()

331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 5.1 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,940 kg 2006 — 2010 Audi S8 AV.jpg B8 8E 245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp) 5.3 — 5.1 sec. (sedan)

5.4 — 5.2 sec. (avant)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,725

1,825 kg 2009 — 2011 2009-2010 Audi S4 (B8) sedan 01.jpg
Audi S4 B8 Kombi front 20090412.jpg A5 (PQ35) 8P 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) 5.7 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

3 dr, 5 seat

5 dr, 5 seat

1,530

-

1,590 kg 2006 — 2012

2008 — 2012

Audi S3 2.0T 2010.jpg
Audi S3 Sportback.jpg A5 (PQ35) 8P 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) 4.6 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,650 kg 2011 — 2012 Audi RS3 Sportback 2013 (8368032303).jpg 4H 382 kW (519 PS; 512 bhp) 4.2 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 2,050

2,065 kg 2012 — 2013 Audi S8 (14475960404).jpg 8J 200  (272 ; 268 ) 5.4 — 5.2 sec. (coupé)

5.6 — 5.4 sec. (roadster)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

2 dr, 2 seat compact

2 dr, 2 seat compact

1,470

1,570 kg 2008 — 2014 Audi TT - Flickr - Supermac1961.jpg
Audi TTS Cabrio BJ2008.jpg A5 (PQ35) 8J 250–265 kW (340–360 PS; 335–355 bhp) 4.6 — 4.3 sec. (coupé)

4.7 — 4.4 sec. (roadster)

4.3 — 4.1 sec.

(coupé) (plus)

4.4 — 4.2 sec. (roadster) (plus)

155 mph

(250 km/h)

174 mph

(280 km/h) (plus)

2 dr, 2 seat compact


2 dr, 2 seat compact

1,525

1,610 kg 2009 — 2014 Audi TTRS (10143740695).jpg
Audi - TT RS plus - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 204.jpg 8V 270 kW (367 PS; 362 bhp) 4.3 sec. 174 mph

(280 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,595 kg 2015 AudiRs3 8V.jpg
() 8K 245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp) 5.1 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat


5 dr, 5 seat

1,725

1,825 kg 2012 — 2015 Audi S4 at NAIAS 2012 (6683725059).jpg
Audi S4 Avant (8661137598).jpg B8 (PL48)
(Audi MLB/MLP) 8T
245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp)
260 kW (354 PS; 349 bhp) 5.6 — 4.9 sec. 155 mph

(250 km/h)

2 dr, 4 seat mid—size


2 dr, 4 seat

()


4 dr, 4 seat

1,750 kg 1,955 kg 1,820 kg 2007


2011(facelift)

Audi S5 Coupé (9664993619).jpgAudi S5 (8482797165).jpg
2009 Audi S5 (8F7 MY10) convertible (2010-07-10) 01.jpgAudi S5 Cabriolet - Flickr - Alexandre Prévot (1).jpg
2010 Audi S5 (8T) Sportback 01.jpgAudi-S5-Sportback.jpg

()

8T 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 4.6 sec. (2010)

4.5 sec. (2012)

4.9 sec. (2012 — ...)

(cabriolet)

250 km/h

280 km/h (with raised speed limiter)

2 dr, 4 seat mid—size

2 dr, 4 seat

()

1,790 –1,800 kg 1,995 kg 2010

2013 (facelift)

Audi RS 5 Coupé – Frontansicht, 14. Mai 2011, Hilden.jpgAudi RS5 (8684566263).jpg
2013 Audi RS5.jpg
() 8K 331 kW (450 PS; 444 bhp) 4.7 sec. 174 mph

(280 km/h)

5 dr, 5 seat 1,795 kg 2012 — 2015 2014-03-04 Geneva Motor Show 1354.JPG 8R


260 kW (354 PS; 349 bhp)
230–250 kW

(313–340 PS; 308–335 bhp)

5.4 sec. ()

5.1 sec.

155 mph

(250 km/h)

4 dr, 5 seat 1,830 kg 2013 Audi SQ5 (13018199415).jpg

Audi S line[]

"S line" badge in front

Audi produce a specification of optional sports to their mainstream models A/Q/TT, known as the S line. This is merely a trim specification which allows customers to effect a sporty appearance in their mainstream Audi model. Whilst the specific S line trim parts are designed and produced by at its factory, these mainstream cars are still manufactured and assembled by at their relevant factories on the same production lines alongside their other standard models.

Cars with S line trim are not to be confused with the specific offerings — the (made by AUDI AG), and the (made by ); Audi cars with S line trim bear identical performance figures to their counterparts with base or SE trim levels.

See also[]

References[]

  1. Grapevine, Audi. . www.audigrapevine.com. Retrieved 2017-07-26. 
  2. . Motor Authority. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  3. ^ . Audi MediaCenter. Retrieved 2017-08-12. 
  4. . rennlist.com. Retrieved 2017-08-12. 
  5. ^ Warren, Tamara. . Forbes. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  6. ^ . 22 March 2018. 
  7. . The Supercar Blog. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2017-07-24. 
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  9. . Retrieved 2017-07-24. 
  10. ^ . carwow.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
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  12. , thedrive.com, 24 March 2017
  13. Autocar. . 
  14. SAM ABUELSAMID. (in German). 
  15. . audi.com. Retrieved 2017-07-07. 
  16. A special edition of 150 unit released in honor of the modified by in color Nogaro Blue
  17. autoevolution.com Audi RS 6 Avant performance Nogaro Edition
  18. . Car and Driver. Retrieved 2017-09-25. 
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  20. Kew, Ollie (2018-04-28). . TopGear
  21. Hinrich Blume (15 July 2014). [Audi Coupé S2 - A coupé for connoisseurs]. www.autobild.de (in German). Pictures by S. Beckefeldt. AutoBild. Retrieved 2017-11-02. 
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  23. . Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
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External links[]